If you are interested in the WCSA policy, we invite you to suggest your own projects, research projects and publications in progress of which you would be glad to receive patronage for free by the WCSA PROJECTS brand. The patronage of WCSA may be granted both to members and non members provided that they are inventors the s and/or developers of high quality projects connected to the aims and policy of WCSA.
Wishing that the WCSA constellation be of your interest and that it will be possible to create favourable synergies and collaborations
ANDREA PITASI; WCSA SCIENTIFIC DIRECTOR 09/16/13
The evolution of the concept of system though the XX century and the beginning of the XXIst was featured by a rather sterile debate between the axiom that systems are mere epistemological criteria and the axiom that systems exist in nature, for real These two axioms shaped two different sty systemic visions which in the beginning of the XXIst century were dramatically reshaped by the increasing convergence among. Nanotechnologies, Robotics, Informatics, Genetics and Neurosciences the so called Convergent technologies (CT)The two axioms powerfully merged in an immaterial, global constellation of energy and information in which digitalization shapes meaning and the sense making process. Communication becomes the only procedural form of systemic self reproduction. As Luhmann brilliantly wrote:
«for a theory of autopoietic systems, only communication is a serious candidate for the position of the elementary units of the basic self referential process of social systems». (Luhmann, 1990: 6).
Niklas Luhmann (1927-1998) died before digitalization replaced the idea that virtual and concrete items were separated entities: digitalization amazingly demonstrated everything and essentially science, technology and business first of all might be digitalized or rather that also the most concrete and physical items can be digitalized or rather are intrinsically digital, The paradigm shifts within the systemic approach summarized in the table below clearly show that P1 was featured by a very “physical reification of items such as nature, society, people and so on thus a very analogical, concrete narrowed minded approach to “reality”. Luhmann’s contribution by introducing the system/environment code (P2) and then by the autopoietic turn (P3) were pivotal to describe the new scenarios of globalization in which dematerialization turns everything into communication flows which let circulate capitals in real time with no place bounds. Once again, Luhmann’s writings anticipated the understanding of emergence in the globalized age just like in his final masterpiece Die Gesellschaft der Gesellchaft (1997). Nevertheless, Luhmann’s vision was completed before digitalization entered the global scale that is why the emergent P4 is the mainstream to the concept of system as a digital unitas multiplex of virtual and physical as both are digital or can be digitalized. The WCSA research and editorial policy considers contributions from the all four paradigms also valuing the importance of paradigms 1, 2 and 3 for the history of science but privileging P4 projects focused on an interdisciplinary systemic approach to digital capital, global tends and conceptual maps.
N. Luhmann, Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft, Suhrkamp, Frankfurt a. M. 1997
N. Luhmann, Essays on Self reference, Columbia University Press, new York 1990
A. Pitasi, Systemic Shiifts in Sociology, in Mancini G. -Pitasi A. (Eds) Systemic Shiifts in Sociology, Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbruecken 2012